Viral Fever: Prevention, Symptoms & Treatment
Know the signs and symptoms of viral fever, so you can seek help quickly if you fall ill. This guide covers everything you need to know!
Viral fever is a common illness, which is caused by a virus. It manifests as a mild fever with a cough and headache and can be accompanied by rash, chest pain, diarrhea, or vomiting. Viral fever is easily transmitted from one person to another through contact with droplets from the nose or mouth of an infected individual. There are several types of viruses that can cause viral fever – including the common cold and flu viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), coronavirus (commonly known as SARS), and adenovirus.
What is Viral Fever?
Every year, we experience changes in the seasons. We also run the danger of getting viral fever every year, which usually happens when the weather changes from hot to cold or from cold to hot. Viral fever refers to any fever brought on by a viral illness. Small infections called viruses can spread quickly from one person to another.
Your immune system goes into overdrive in response to a viral infection like the flu or a cold. This response is aided by increasing body temperature since it makes the surrounding area less favourable for more germs and viruses.
Causes and Transmission of Viral Fever
Viral fever is caused by a viral infection, which can be caused by different types of viruses. Some common viruses that cause viral fever include influenza virus, dengue virus, chikungunya virus, and measles virus. These viruses can enter the body through different modes of transmission, including:
- Direct contact: The virus can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids, such as blood, saliva, or mucus. This can occur through touching, kissing, or sexual contact.
- Indirect contact: The virus can also be transmitted through indirect contact with an infected person’s belongings or surroundings, such as touching contaminated objects or surfaces.
- Airborne transmission: Some viruses can be transmitted through the air, particularly when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can then be inhaled by someone nearby.
- Vector-borne transmission: Certain viruses can be transmitted through the bite of an infected insect or animal, such as mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus or ticks carrying the Lyme disease virus.
It is important to note that different viruses have different modes of transmission, and some viruses may be more contagious than others. Understanding the mode of transmission can help in preventing the spread of the virus and avoid infection.
Symptoms of Viral Fever
Along with a rise in body temperature from 99°F to over 103°F, viral fever typically includes a number of additional visible symptoms. The symptoms of viral fever varies based on the type of infection and can vary from individual to individual. Some of the most typical signs of viral fever in adults include the ones listed below:
- High fever up to 103-104°F
- Runny nose or nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- Loss of appetite
- Diarrhoea and abdominal pain
- Weakness & Fatigue
- Muscle aches and pains
Tips to Prevent Viral Fever
Preventing viral fever involves taking a few simple precautions that can significantly reduce the risk of infection. Here are some tips to prevent viral fever:
- Vaccination: Vaccines are available for some of the common viruses that cause fever, such as influenza virus. Getting vaccinated can significantly reduce the risk of infection.
- Hygiene and Sanitation practices: Maintaining good hygiene and sanitation practices is important in preventing the spread of viruses. This includes washing hands regularly with soap and water, covering the mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing, and disposing of used tissues properly.
- Avoiding contact with infected individuals: Avoiding close contact with individuals who are sick with a viral infection can help prevent the spread of the virus.
- Boosting the immune system: A strong immune system can help fight off viruses. Eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and reducing stress can all help boost the immune system.
- Use mosquito nets and repellents: Mosquito-borne viruses like dengue and chikungunya can be prevented by using mosquito nets, wearing protective clothing, and using mosquito repellents.
- Avoid consuming raw or undercooked meat: Viral infections like bird flu and swine flu can be caused by consuming raw or undercooked meat. It is important to ensure that meat is cooked thoroughly before consumption.
By following these simple tips, one can significantly reduce the risk of getting infected with viral fever. However, there is no 100% guarantee that you will avoid viral fever if you follow these precautions. So be sure to take all the necessary precautions to protect yourself from this highly contagious disease.
Dos and Don’t of Viral Fever
How to Treat Viral Fever
Unlike bacterial diseases, viral fever is not treatable with antibiotics. There is no specific treatment, and controlling symptoms is frequently the main focus of care. You can treat viral fevers at home by taking note of the following factors:
- Drugs like ibuprofen or paracetamol can lower temperature and ease aches and pains.
- Hydration is a key factor in preventing dehydration.
- It is advised to rest as much as possible.
- When necessary, antiviral treatment can be helpful.
- Lukewarm showers can help with muscle discomfort and soreness.
- You can try herbal home remedies like coriander tea, basil, lemon, and honey.
Viral Fever is a common illness caused by different types of viruses. It can be transmitted through various modes, and the symptoms can range from mild to severe. However, by taking a few simple precautions, one can significantly reduce the risk of infection. These include getting vaccinated, maintaining good hygiene and sanitation practices, avoiding contact with infected individuals, boosting the immune system, using mosquito nets and repellents, and ensuring that meat is cooked thoroughly before consumption.
Early diagnosis and treatment are also important in managing the disease. While most cases of viral fever can be managed with rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medications, severe cases may require hospitalization.
Healthcare professionals play a crucial role in managing the disease, and it is important to seek medical attention if one experiences severe symptoms or if the fever persists for an extended period. By working together to prevent and manage viral fever, we can help reduce the burden of this common illness and ensure the health and well-being of individuals and communities.
Disclaimer: The above-mentioned information is for reference purposes only. Please seek the advice of a qualified medical professional to confirm the details of any health issues.