Most Common Communicable Diseases In India

Are you feeling affected by any communicable diseases in the recent times? Well, according to latest reports, there are increasing instances of communicable diseases especially those affecting the collective body like food poisoning and flu. This was revealed by a recent study conducted on contact tracing among people with rubella.

The study which was carried out by the Delhi-based Foundation for Research on Communicable Diseases (FRCD) studied contact tracing cases of Rubella (German Measles) and found that these Rubella cases have been climbing since 2012. Out of 3802 contacts traced during 2014-16, 301 (8.5%) cases had confirmed rubella virus infection.

Since vaccines are not available for all communicable diseases, it is important to be aware of the symptoms so that you can get yourself tested and treated early if required.

Most Common Communicable Diseases In India


Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted through the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria is prevalent in many parts of India, particularly during the monsoon season.

Symptoms: Fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue.

Prevention: Use of insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, and antimalarial drugs for high-risk populations.


Dengue is another mosquito-borne viral infection transmitted by the Aedes mosquito. It is common in tropical and subtropical regions of India.

Symptoms: High fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, rash, and mild bleeding.

Prevention: Elimination of mosquito breeding sites, use of mosquito repellents, and wearing protective clothing.

Tuberculosis (TB)

TB is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It primarily affects the lungs but can also infect other organs. India has the highest burden of TB globally.

Symptoms: Persistent cough, fever, night sweats, weight loss, and fatigue.

Prevention: Early diagnosis and treatment, BCG vaccination, and improving living conditions.

Diarrheal Diseases

Diarrheal diseases are caused by various bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections. They are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in India, particularly among children.

Symptoms: Frequent loose or watery stools, abdominal pain, and dehydration.

Prevention: Access to clean water, proper sanitation, handwashing, and oral rehydration therapy.


Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella Typhi. It spreads through contaminated food and water. India has a high incidence of typhoid cases.

Symptoms: High fever, headache, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea, and rash.

Prevention: Safe food handling, access to clean water, proper sanitation, and vaccination.

Hepatitis A and E

Hepatitis A and E are viral infections that affect the liver. They are transmitted through contaminated food and water and are common in areas with poor sanitation.

Symptoms: Fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, and dark urine.

Prevention: Improved sanitation, access to clean water, and vaccination for Hepatitis A.


In conclusion, communicable diseases have been a major challenge in India for ages. Even with the advancements in medical technology, these diseases continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality in the population. However, there are measures that can be taken to prevent and control the spread of these diseases, such as vaccination, proper hygiene, and early diagnosis and treatment. It is essential that both individuals and the government take appropriate steps to ensure public health and reduce the burden of communicable diseases in India. Through knowledge and awareness, we can work towards a healthier and disease-free society.

Disclaimer: The above-mentioned information is for reference purposes only. Please seek the advice of a qualified medical professional to confirm the details of any health issues.

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